Elections: Abraham Lincoln


Quote of the Day:

"Be sure you put your feet in the right place, then stand firm." - Abraham Lincoln

"Fourscore and seven years ago our fathers brought forth upon this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. We here highly resolve that the dead shall not have died in vain, that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom; and that government of the people, by the people, and for the people, shall not perish from the earth." - Abraham Lincoln

Day 9 VoCaBulary:









Abraham Lincoln:

Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States of America. He served as President from March 4, 1861, until April 15, 1865.

Abraham Lincoln was born in a log cabin near Hodgenville, Kentucky. He had very little formal schooling and was self-educated. He eventually became a lawyer and a Republican politician; he earned the nickname "Honest Abe." Lincoln married Mary Todd in 1842; they had four sons, but only one survived childhood.

Lincoln was elected President in 1860. During Lincoln's presidency, the Southern states seceded from the Union because Lincoln and the Northern states were against slavery. Six weeks after becoming President, the Civil War began. In this war, the Northern states fought the Southern states. The Civil War lasted from 1861 until 1865.

On Jan. 1, 1863, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which eventually led to the freeing of all slaves in the USA. During the Civil War, Lincoln gave many speeches, including the Gettysburg Address, a short speech in which he stated how a country must be dedicated to human freedom in order to survive.

Lincoln was re-elected President in 1864. The Civil War ended on April 9, 1865

President Lincoln was shot on April 14, 1865, by John Wilkes Booth. Lincoln had been attending a play. Lincoln died the next morning. He was the first US president ever assassinated.

Discovering Elections:


Whom did President Lincoln have to campaign against when he ran for president of the US?  Abraham Lincoln campaigned against John Bell, the Constitutional or National Union candidate, who pledged to uphold the Constitution and Union; Stephen Douglas, the Democratic candidate who pledged to popular sovereignty; John C. Breckinridge, the "Dixiecrat" candidate, who was in favor of protection of slave territory. {Abraham Lincoln, the Republican candidate, had a platform to unite the country}

How many elections are held each year in the Unted States?

There are very many elections each year in theUnited States - over 80,000 - though the most important, the national election for president is held every four years.

Who represents you in the legislative and executive branches of your federal government? When are thos offices up for election again?

Why are some powers or responsibilities given to the federal government and others reserved for the state's governments?

National Government

  • Print money
  • Regulate interstate (between states) and international trade
  • Make treaties and conduct foreign policy
  • Declare war
  • Provide an army and navy
  • Establish post offices
  • Make laws necessary and proper to carry out the these powers

State Governments

  • Issue licenses
  • Regulate intrastate (within the state) businesses
  • Conduct elections
  • Establish local governments
  • Ratify amendments to the Constitution
  • Take measures for public health and safety
  • May exert powers the Constitution does not delegate to the national government or prohibit the states from using

In addition to their exclusive powers, both the national government and state governments share powers. Current powers of the national government and state governments include the ability to:

  • Collect taxes
  • Build roads
  • Borrow money
  • Establish courts
  • Make and enforce laws
  • Charter banks and corporations
  • Spend money for the general welfare
  • Take private property for public purposes, with just compensation

Once ratified, the Constitution set the basis for the government we have today. Powers are divided between the federal (or national) government and the 50 states. The Founding Fathers knew they had to leave enough powers with the states when they were writing the Constitution. If they didn't, they knew the state legislatures would never ratify the Constitution. All states were granted the right to control certain things within their borders. They could do so as long as they did not interfere with the rights of other states or the nation.

Who is currently the chief justice of the Spureme Court?

John G. Roberts, Jr. is currently the Chief Justice of the United States.

What is the name of one legislative bill that is currently on the floor of the House for consideration?

Current Bills