Battle at Bunker Hill {Omnibus}

The Battle of Bunker Hill took place on June 17, 1775, just a few months after the start of the American Revolutionary War. This is a great Omnibus (History) lesson for homeschoolers. Your students will study this battle and recreate a war diorama. 

The city of Boston was being besieged by thousands of American colonists. The British were trying to keep control of the city and control its valuable sea ports. The British decided to take control of two hills, Bunker and Breeds, in order to gain a tactical advantage. The American colonists heard about it and went to defend the hills.

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A  two-day battle between the British forces under the command of General William Howe and the American colonial forces under Colonel William Prescott will forever be known as the Battle of Bunker Hill. The American colonies had occupied Breed's Hill in Charlestown on June 16, 1775, in order to protect the shipyard of nearby Boston. The next morning, the British troops attacked the American troops by crossing the river with three thousand armed soldiers. They were unable to endure the slaughter from the Patriots and retreated to Charlestown, which was being fired upon by British fleets. The British fleets burned the a great part of the city of Charlestown to ashes.

BATTLE OF BUNKER HILL

The American commander, William Howe, led three charges up Breeds Hill.  The American colonists fought back the first two charges victoriously, driving the British troops in retreat. But they soon began to run out of ammunition and had to retreat at the third charge. They took the hill but suffered heavy losses. The American colonists fired until they were out of ammunition, then would quickly retreat. To conserve ammunition, Prescott told his men, "Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes." Many more colonists, who were untrained farmers, joined the army after this battle and the revolution continued to grow in strength. All were encouraged and determined to fight for liberty.

Even though the battle was fought on Breed's Hill, it has been remembered as the Battle of Bunker Hill.

BUNKER HILL DIORAMA

Make a model replica of the battle by recreating a war diorama.  Gather supplies such as a box, clay, paper mache, cardboard, plastic figures, paint, and scissors.

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BUNKER HILL WORKSHEET QUESTIONS

What is the date of the Battle of Bunker Hill?

Where was the Battle of Bunker Hill fought?

Why would both the British and the colonists have wanted to control the Charlestown Peninsula?

Which army shows more determination to win the war?

Which direction did the British commander send his troops up the hill? Was this wise?

Why were the Americans told, “Don’t shoot till you see the whites of their eyes?”

Why did the colonists hold their fire until the British were almost upon the redoubt?

What was the final outcome of the Battle of Bunker Hill?

Lyrical Legacy:  This song was composed by a British Officer the day after the Battle.

<<<DOWNLOAD THE FREE WORKSHEET PRINTABLE HERE>>>

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About Tiaras & Tantrums: Rese is a mom of three. She enjoys home educating her kiddos, taking photos, and traveling the globe. Rese is a family lifestyle photographer and home educator. Connect with Rese on Instagram, Facebook, Pinterest, and Google+. Sign up via email for the latest updates from Tiaras & Tantrums.